Whether painting or sculpture, figurative art is normally referred to the realistic artworks that portray or sculpts human form or real object. Figurative art is also called representational art (opposite of Abstract Art, which is referred as un-representational art). Figurative art is quite popular, as it does not need a trained eye to perceive, unlike Abstract paintings. Many art market surveys suggested that figurative art sales better than abstract art. Most of the religious paintings fall in the figurative art category. The divine forms of Jesus and mother Mary have lured the artists from the ages whereas Buddha paintings are widely practiced by artists in the Southeast Asia and parts of Middle East Asia. Ganesha paintings, the ever-enchanting Krishna Leelas, his cows and Gopis are seen in the Krishna paintings done by Indian artists in various styles. The paintings of cows, bull paintings, horse paintings in different styles are seen almost in every alternate art exhibition in India. One of the figurative art forms that enamoured the artists from ages is the ‘Beauty of pristine Woman ’. The woman paintings in different styles and forms like a charming companion or caring mother are most used leitmotifs in figurative art. The Indian woman paintings particularly rural woman in traditional costumes is one of the favourite subjects of Indian artists used in the figurative art.
(Figurative and miniature Art images are used only for illustration purpose)
As the name suggests, miniature art refers to the art with miniature size and scale with minute details portrayed or engraved on the miniature painting surface, be it ancient palm leaf, metal plate, paper or contemporary canvas painting. The subjects, figures and virtually every single detail are proportionately reduced to fit in a tiny picture frame, which has scale limitation to fall in the miniature art category. The earliest known forms of Indian miniature art is found as the illustrations in Buddha and Jain religious text dating back to 11th century eastern and western India. Miniature style of art is also found in the illustrations of ‘Gita Govinda’, a poetic work by 12th century Indian Poet Jayadeva that highlights the divine relationship between Krishna and Gopis of Vrindavan, particularly Radha. Radha Krishna Paintings and many other religious works are executed in Indian traditional art whereas other religious paintings such as Buddha paintings based on Buddha’s Jakata kathas (stories) and Ganesha paintings during the later stages are done in contemporary style by Indian artists.
Other well-known styles of traditional India Art includes Rajasthani school of paintings, Madhubani paintings prevalent in Madhuban district of Bihar, Mughal School of paintings, Tanjore, Malwa, Mewar, Bundi, Kishangarh are various traditional Indian miniature styles named on the places of their origin, Pahari School of Himachal etc are even practiced today by few folk artists. Such traditional Indian arts are available online on few specialized online art websites that buy and sell art online.