Indian Art in the Vedic period, which is the time spanning the end of the Indus Valley Civilisation to the rise of the first Indian empire, the Mauryas, can be seen as a time for the blend of ideologies, philosophies, and concepts and also finding representations from the Aryan origins as well as Dravidian civilisation. This age also is known as the Iron Age, with metallurgical advances made in the Indus Valley Civilisation, being carried forward in this era with more verve. There is very little archaeological evidence of the artworks from this era, and in spite of it being a considerable span of time, very little is known about this period’s artworks. Having said that it would be ignorant to believe that nothing related to art happened in India in that time. What we know today as markers of the Vedic period are the contributions to architecture, agriculture, literature, religion, philosophy and social awakening. Apart from this, there are some stone carvings and rock-cut shrines, which date back to the Vedic period. One has to consider the effect of the migration of the Aryans from the Indus valley southward, pushing the Dravidians to the south of the continent.
The Indo- Aryan population was quite scattered and the inherent nature of being agrarian nomads, their lifestyles and architecture remained quite temporal as compared to Dravidians who built specific pyramid-shaped temples and presented architectural finesse, intricately carved stone statues of deities, kings, warriors and dancers. However the choice of materials like wood probably was the reason that very little artifacts survived the Vedic era. In the Vedic age, the major contribution was towards the written word, the epics Ramayana and Mahabharata were written in this age, apart from the Vedas and Upanishads and this Vedic literature possibly became the ideological foundations for the future generation’s art practices. In the epics there is a mention of grand painted halls and walls of palaces, which could suggest that mural art was a common feature in those times. Architectural advances were made in this age and one could see the remnants of the Indo Aryan village layouts feature much later in the physical and metaphysical requisites of architectural arrangements in Hinduism and Buddhism.